Truck Idling Laws By State

List of Truck Idling Laws by State for diesel trucks

Truck Idling Laws By State is a compilation of information for diesel truck drivers. This information is intended to be a general overview and may not be complete. It should not be relied upon as a complete source of state, county and local restrictions as they are always changing.



Trucks idle with good reason: for air conditioning in the summer and heating in the winter. Truck drivers spend most of their lives in a truck and this idling predicament has become a costly problem.

The primary technology for idling your semi truck is, APUs or generators. Generators use a small diesel engine to generate electric power. Once you have electricity, you can use it to power an electric air conditioner or any of the devices you use for comfort and convenience. APUs are multifunctional devices. Besides driving either a generator, an alternator or both, they may power an air conditioner or an air compressor mechanically.

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APUs can also power an inverter, a device that changes 12-volt direct current to 120-volt alternating current, to provide 120-volt household current. Using household current gives you more options for heat and air conditioning for truckers. Many inverters also have circuitry to charge batteries without overcharging or damaging them.

Cabs can also be warmed by heat pumps. Like air conditioners that absorb heat from one location, inside a cab or home, and transfer it to the atmosphere, heat pumps can also draw heat from air and release it into a cab. Heat pumps can be driven electrically, by generators or battery power, or mechanically by the APU’s engine.

With many idle-reduction devices driven electrically, truck stop electrification is the most effective and economical power source. It is not just for truck stops, but for anywhere trucks might stop, including shippers’ and receivers’ yards and public rest areas. For a nominal fee, you get to plug into a post near your semi truck. Once your extension cord is connected between the post and your internal wiring, you have the power to provide all your electric needs and keep your starting batteries topped up.

Truckers have common concerns regarding drivers safety and liability, which include getting enough sleep in a comfortable environment, staying within idling laws that vary in each state and community and a lack of information concerning the law. Not following the stipulated idling limits or breaking community ordinances may draw fines.

Here are the Truck idling laws by state.

ARIZONA

Maricopa County

Time limit • 5 minutes

Fines • $100 first violation • $300 second violation

Exemptions • Traffic or adverse weather conditions • Emergency or law enforcement purposes • Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions • Conform to manufacturer’s specifications • Maintenance or diagnostics • HOS compliance * Applies to engine warm up and cool down.

CALIFORNIA Statewide Truck idling laws

Time limit • 5 minutes

Fines • Minimum $300. Subsequent penalties can range from $1,000 to $10,000.

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Queuing beyond 100 feet of residential units • Adverse weather conditions or mechanical difficulties • Vehicle safety inspection • Service or repair • Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions • Prevent safety or health emergency • Emergency vehicles

City of Sacramento Truck idling laws

Time limit • 5 minutes • Prohibits reefer operation within 100 feet of residential or school areas unless loading or unloading

Fines • Not less than $100 and not more than $25,000 per violation

Exemptions • Traffic conditions/control • Vehicle safety inspection • Service or repair • Conform to manufacturer’s specifications* • Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions • Prevent safety or health emergency • HOS compliance at truck/rest stop * To recharge hybird electric vehicles * Applies to engine warm up and cool down.

Placer County (NE of Sacramento)

Time limit • 5 minutes • Prohibits semi truck reefer operation within 100 feet of residential or school areas unless loading or unloading

Fines • $50 minimum

Exemptions • Traffic conditions/control • Vehicle safety inspection • Service or repair • Conform to manufacturer’s specifications* • Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions • Prevent safety or health emergency • HOS compliance at truck/rest stop • Operate intermittent equipment • Alternatively fueled vehicles • Attainment areas where air meets EPA quality standards * Applies to engine warm up and cool down.

Truck idling laws

COLORADO

City of Aspen

Time limit • 5 minutes in any 1-hour period

Fines • $1,000 maximum and/or 1 year of imprisonment

Exemptions • Safety reasons • To achieve an engine temperature of 120 degrees and an air pressure of 100 pounds per square inch

Denver: City and County

Time limit • 10 minutes in any 1-hour period

Fines • Not more than $999 and/or 1 year of imprisonment

Exemptions • Less than 20 degrees for previous 24-hour period • Less than 10 degrees • Emergency vehicles • Traffic conditions • Being serviced • Auxiliary equipment

CONNECTICUT Statewide Truck idling laws

Time limit • 3 minutes

Fines • Not more than $5,000 per week

Exemptions • Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties • Ensure safety or health of driver/passengers • Auxiliary equipment • Conform to manufacturer’s specifications* • Less than 20 degrees • Maintenance • Queuing to access military installation * Applies to engine warm up and cool down.

DELAWARE Statewide Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 3 minutes • 15 minutes if 32 degrees to minus 10 degrees • No limit if less than minus 10 degrees

Fines • $50 to $500 per offense

Exemptions • Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties • Conform to manufacturer’s specs* • Repair • Emergency vehicles • Using auxiliary equipment/power takeoff • Power during sleeping or resting beyond 25 miles of truck stop with available electrified equipment • Vehicle safety inspections * Applies to engine warm up and cool down.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Time limit • 3 minutes • 5 minutes if less than 32 degrees

Fines • $500, doubles for each subsequent violation

Exemptions • Power takeoff

FLORIDA

Time limit • 5 minutes

* Fines To be determined

Exemptions • While driver is sleeping/resting in sleeper berth (expires September 2013) • While stopped for traffic conditions beyond driver’s control • To operate heat, A/C to prevent health/safety emergency • To operate auxiliary equipment, lift, cement mixer, etc.

GEORGIA

City of Atlanta Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 15 minutes • 25 minutes if below 32 degrees for passenger comfort/safety

Fines • $500 minimum

Exemptions • To perform needed work • Traffic conditions • Natural gas or electric vehicles

HAWAII Statewide

Time limit • No person shall cause, suffer, or allow any engine to be in operation while the motor vehicle is stationary at a loading zone, parking or servicing area, route terminal or other off stree area.

(3 minutes for start up/cool down)

Fines • $25 to $2,500 per day

Exemptions • Adjustment or repair • Auxiliary equipment or power takeoff

ILLINOIS Truck Idling Laws

Cities: Aux Sable, Goose Lake, and Oswego Counties: Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, Monroe

Time limit • 10 minutes within any 60-minute period

• 30 minutes within any 60-minute period: waiting to weigh, load or unload freight

• No limit when less than 32 degrees or more than 80 degrees

Fines • $50 first conviction • $150 for second and subsequent convictions in a 12-month period

Exemptions * Less than 8,000 lbs. GVWR • Traffic conditions/controls • Prevent a safety or health emergency • Emergency or law enforcement purposes • Service or repair • Government inspection • Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions • Resting in a sleeper berth • Mechanical difficulties • Queuing

MAINE Statewide Truck Idling Laws

Time limit

• 5 minutes in any one hour period * No limit: if less than 0 degrees

• Additional 15 minutes per hour if temperature is between zero and 32 degrees

Fines • $25 to $500 for first offense • $150 to $500 fines for each subsequent offense

Exemptions • Zero degrees or colder • Traffic conditions • Operation of defrosters, heaters or A/C to prevent safety or health emergency • Operation of heaters or A/C while waiting to load/unload • Maintenance, servicing, repair or diagnostics • State or federal inspections • Emergency vehicles • Power work-related operations • Sleeper berth A/C or heat during rest or sleep periods • Mechanical difficulties if receipt of repair is submitted within 30 days

MARYLAND Statewide Truck Idling Laws

Time limit

• 5 minutes

Fines • Not less than $500

Exemptions • Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties • Heating, cooling and auxiliary equipment • Conform to manufacturer’s specifications* • Accomplish intended use * Applies to engine warm up and cool down.

MASSACHUSETTS Statewide Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 5 minutes

Fines • Not less than $100 for first offense • Not more than $500 for each subsequent offense

Exemptions • Being serviced • Delivery for which power is needed and alternatives unavailable • Associate power needed and alternatives unavailable

MINNESOTA Truck Idling Laws

City of Minneapolis

Time limit • None in residential areas from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m., including reefers

Fines • $700 maximum and/or 90 days of imprisonment

Exemptions • Permitted construction equipment • Compliance with traffic signals or signs • Emergency or law enforcement purposes

City of Owatonna Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 15 minutes each 5 hours in residential areas

Fines • $1,000 maximum and/or 90 days of imprisonment

Exemptions • None

City of St. Cloud

Time limit • 5 minutes, West Germain Street from 8th to 10th Avenues

Fines • Not more than $200

Exemptions • None

MISSOURI Truck Idling Laws

Counties: Clay, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Platte, St. Charles, St. Louis

Time Limit • 5 minutes in any hour • 30 minutes per hour when waiting to load or unload

Fines • No data available – TBD

Exemptions • Traffic conditions/controls • Prevent safety/health emergency • Emergency purposes • Maintenance/repair • State or federal inspections • Power work-related operations for your semi truck • During government-mandated rest periods • Mechanical difficulties • APUs

City of St. Louis

Time limit • 5 minutes in any hour • 10 minutes if less than 32 degrees

Fines • Up to $100

Exemptions • Emergency vehicles • Power for auxiliary purposes • Traffic or adverse weather conditions • Repair or diagnostics • Engaged in the delivery of goods

St. Louis County Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 3 consecutive minutes

Fines • Maximum $1,000 and/or 1 year of imprisonment

Exemptions • Operating a loading, unloading, or processing device for semi trucks • Emergency vehicles

NEVADA Statewide

Time limit • 15 minutes

Fines • $100 to $500 for first offense • $500 to $1,000 for second offense • $1,000 to $1,500 for third offense • $1,500 to $2,500 for fourth and more offenses within a three-year period

Exemptions • Variance has been issued • Emergency vehicles • Snow removal equipment • Repair or maintain other vehicles • Traffic congestion • Maintenance at repair facility • Emission contained and treated per commission • To perform specific task

Clark County (including Las Vegas)

Time limit • 15 minutes

Fines • Not more than $10,000

Exemptions • Variance has been issued • Emergency vehicles • Repair or maintain other vehicles • Traffic congestion • Emission contained and treated per control officer • To perform a specific task • Maintenance at repair facility

Washoe County

Time limit • 15 minutes

Fines • Not more than $250 for first offense • Not less than $250 or more than $500 for subsequent offenses

Exemptions • Emergency vehicles • Snow removal equipment • Repair or maintain other vehicles • Traveling on public rights-of-way • To perform specific task • Maintenance at repair facility

NEW HAMPSHIRE Statewide Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 5 minutes if more than 32 degrees • 15 minutes if 32 degrees to minus 10 degrees

Fines • To be determined

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Emergency vehicles • Power takeoff or heat/cool passengers • Maintenance or diagnostics • Defrost windshield • Less than 10 degrees



NEW JERSEY Statewide

Time limit • 3 minutes • 15 minutes if stopped for more than 3 hours and less than 25 degrees

Fines • $100 for first offense • $200 for second offense • $500 for third offense • $1,500 for subsequent offenses Penalties for commercial vehicle and property owner • $250 for first offense • $500 for second offense • $1000 for subsequent offenses

Exemptions

• Traffic conditions • Mechanical operations • Waiting or being inspected • Performing emergency services • Being repaired or serviced • Use of a sleeper-berth in non-residential areas before April 30, 2010 • Auxiliary power unit/generator set, bunk heaters etc.

NEW YORK Statewide

Time limit • 5 minutes

Fines • Not less than $375 or more than $15,000 for first offense • Not more than $22,500 for subsequent offenses

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Comply with passenger comfort laws • Auxiliary power or maintenance • Emergency vehicles • Within mines or quarries • Parked for more than 2 hours and less than 25 degrees • State inspections • Farm vehicles

City of New Rochelle

Time limit • 5 minutes

Fines • Up to $50 and/or 15 days in jail for first offense • Up to $100 and/or 45 days in jail for second offense within 18 months • Up to $250 and/or 90 days in jail for subsequent offenses within 18 months

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Comply with passenger comfort laws • Auxiliary power or maintenance • Emergency vehicles • Within mines or quarries • Parked for more than 2 hours and less than 25 degrees • State inspections • Farm vehicles

New York City Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 3 minutes • 1 minute if adjacent to a public school

Fines • $50 to $500 and/or 20 days in jail on first offense • $100 to $1,000 and/or up to 30 days in jail on second offense • $400 to $5,000 and/or up to 4 months on subsequent offenses

Exemptions • Emergency vehicles • Operate loading, unloading or processing device

Rockland County

Time limit • 3 consecutive minutes

Fines • Not more than $250 and/or 15 days in jail on first offense • Nor more than $1,000 and/or 15 days in jail on second and subsequent offenses

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Comply with passenger comfort laws • Power for auxiliary purposes • Maintenance • Performing emergency services

NORTH CAROLINA

Five minute idle time. Idling beyond this limit is allowed for air conditioning or heating during federal mandated rest period. This exemption expires May 1, 2011. Also exempt include idling which meet the California low-NOx idling standard and when using an APU.

PENNSYLVANIA

Statewide Time limit • 5 minutes in any one hour period • 15 minutes an hour if sampling, weighing, or loading or unloading

Fines • $150 to $300 per offense plus civil penalties up to $1000

Exemptions

• Traffic conditions • Prevent safety or health emergencies • Comply with manufacturer’s specifications • Emergency or law enforcement purposes • Maintenance or repair • Government or security inspections • Power work-related operations • Mechanical difficulties • Within mines or quarries • Sleeper berth A/C or heat during rest or sleep periods when temperatures are less than 40 degrees or higher than 75 degrees and parked legally (exemption expires May 1, 2010) • Vehicles with CARB low-NOx idle labels

Allegheny County

Time limit • 5 minutes • 20 minutes per hour if less than 40 degrees or more than 75 degrees

Fines • Warning for first offense • $100 for second offense • $500 for subsequent offenses

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Queuing (waiting in line) • Cool down/warm up per manufacturer’s recommendations • Sleeping/resting in truck • Safety inspections • Ensure safe operation • Emergency vehicles • Power accessory or service equipment • Repair or diagnostics

City of Philadelphia Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 2 minutes, or 0 minutes for layovers • 5 minutes if less than 32 degrees • 20 minutes if less than 20 degrees

Fines • $300

Exemptions • None

RHODE ISLAND Statewide

Time limit • 5 minutes in any 1-hour period • 15 minutes per hour when between zero and 32 degrees • No limit when below zero

Fines • Not more than $100 for first offense • Not more than $500 for subsequent offenses

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Ensure health or safety of driver/passengers • Power work-related operations • Sleeper cabs during federally mandated rest periods (expires July 1, 2010) • Maintenance, serving, repairing or diagnostic purposes • State or federal inspections • Emergency or law enforcement purposes • Auxiliary power unit/generator set

SOUTH CAROLINA Statewide Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 10 minutes in any 1-hour period

Fines • $75 for each offense

Exemptions • Traffic conditions • Prevent safety or health emergency • Emergency or law enforcement purposes • Maintenance, serving, repairing or diagnostic purposes • State or federal inspections • Power work-related operations • Sleeper berth A/C or heat during (a) rest or sleep periods; (b) less than 40 degrees or higher than 80 degrees; or (c) at rest areas, terminals, truck stops, or legal parking locations less than 500 ft from homes or schools • While waiting to load/unload

TEXAS Truck Idling Laws

Update

As of Sept 1,2009, trucks are no longer allowed to idle during federally mandated rest periods. Cities and counties in Texas that enforce idling restrictions have agreed to sign a memorandum of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality that limits idling to five minutes at a time. The memorandum exempted idling during government mandated rest periods, but that exemption ended on Sept. 1.

Cities of Arlington, Austin, Bastrop, Benbrook, Celina, Colleyville, Dallas, Elgin, Euless, Georgetown, Hurst, Hutto, Keene, Lake Worth, Lancaster, Little Elm, Lockhart, Luling, Mabank, McKinney, Mesquite, North Richland Hills, Pecan Hill, Round Rock, San Marcos, University Park and Westlake

Counties of Bastrop, Caldwell, Collin, Hays, Kaufman, Tarrant, Travis and Williamson

Time limit • 5 minutes from April to October

Fines • Varies by jurisdiction

Exemptions • 14,000 pounds GVW or less • Traffic conditions • Emergency or law enforcement • To perform needed work • Maintenance or diagnostics • Defrost windshield • HOS compliance

UTAH Statewide

Time limit • Cannot leave running unattended

Fines • Not more than $750 and/or not more than 90 days of imprisonment

Exemptions • None

City of Salt Lake Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 15 minutes

Fines • Up to $1,000 and/or up to 6 months in jail on first offense • Up to $2,500 and/or up to 1 year in jail on second and subsequent offenses within 2 years

Exemptions • Reefer unit if more than 500 feet from any residence • To heat/cool sleeper-berth if more than 500 feet from any residence • Emergency vehicles

VIRGINIA Statewide Truck Idling Laws

Time limit • 10 minutes in commercial or residential urban areas

Fines • Not more than $25,000

Exemptions • Auxiliary power

West Virginia

15 minute idle limit. An exemption is provided for sleeping or resting in sleeper when temperature are less than 40 F or greater than 75 F. This exemption expires May 1, 2012. An Exemption is also provided for trucks displaying a CARB-issued low-NOx idle label.



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